Above the lion capital we can see the Ashoka chakra, which is a depiction of the Dharmachakra, or the wheel of dharma. It has 24 spokes and it symbolizes the teachings of lord Buddha. The Ashoka chakra has been widely inscribed on many relics of the Mauryan emperor Ashoka the great including the lion capital and the Ashoka pillar, and it also finds its way on the Indian flag. The Ashoka chakra award is an Indian decoration award for soldiers who show exemplary bravery on the field of battle.
The lettering on the right reads "supreme court of India", and the lettering on the left in Hindi reads "Bharat ka ucchatam nyayalay" which means the same thing. The lettering below the lion capital reads "yato dharmastato jaya" in Sanskrit, which means that where there is virtue or Dharma, there is victory; thus enshrouding the principle that is the bottomline for any court of jutice: May the truth triumph! This line is taken from the Mahabharata where it is said by Gandhari.
The supreme court of India: The Supreme Court in India is the ultimate interpreter of the constitution and the laws of the land. It has appellate jurisdiction over all civil and criminal proceedings involving substantial issues concerning the interpretation of the constitution. The court has the original and exclusive jurisdiction to resolve disputes between the central government and one or more states and union territories as well as between different states and union territories. And the Supreme Court is also empowered to issue advisory rulings on issues referred to it by the president. The Supreme Court has wide discretionary powers to hear special appeals on any matter from any court except those of the armed services. It also functions as a court of record and supervises every high court.
2 rupee, 2004The 2 rupee was minted in the shown design until 2004, when because of rise in the metal prices, the mintage of this 2 rupee coin was stopped and the new 2 rupee coin with the cross design was started to be minted. Also, a majority of the shown 2 rupee coins of 2004 were melted back into the base metal because of the higher metal base values. This makes the 2004 2 rupee coin a rare one.
2 rupee, 2000
The theme for the 2 rupee coin has been national integration since the inception of the 2 rupee coin in 1982, and the design continued till 2004 when the controversial 2 rupee with the cross was introduced. The reverse on this coin shows the denomination, country and the four headed lion symbol. The obverse shows the map of India. The small dots on the left are the Lakshadweep Islands, and the line of dots below the "national integration" inscription and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The Hindi inscription above the map reads "rashtriya ekta" which means national integration. The date can be seen at the bottom.