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Wednesday, March 31, 2010

Indian 10 rupee bimetal: commemorative

10 rupee, gur ta gaddi
india 10 rupee gur ta gaddi bimetal
This coin was released on the occasion of 300 years of gur ta gaddi, or the consecration of Guru Granth Sahab, the holy book of the Sikhs, as the last Sikh guru. This happened at Nanded in Maharshatra with the parlok gaman(or death) of the last Sikh guru to be embodied, Guru Gobind Singh. In his last moments he proclaimed Guru Granth Sahab to be the embodiment of the ten gurus. Guru Gobind Singh Ji's last sermon:
"agya bhai akal ki tabhi chalayo panth,
sabh sikhan ko hukam hai guru manyo granth.
guru granth ji manyo pragat guran ki deh.
jo prabh ko milna chahe khoj shabad me le."
This means that the panth or sect was started under orders of the almighty. All the Sikhs are hereby ordered to accept Guru Granth Sahab as their Guru. Guru Granth sahab has to be regarded as representing the guru's body. Those who wish to meet the Guru can find their way through the hymns in the granth.

Guru Granth Sahab contains 1430 pages of text in poetry form. The Bible was not written by Jesus Christ, nor was the Koran written by the prophet Mohammed, but Guru Granth Sahab was written by the gurus themselves, from Guru Nanak Dev Ji to Guru Gobind Singh ji. Guru Granth sahab is also regarded as the eleventh guru.

The released coin is the first ever bimetallic commemorative of republic India. This one was not released for circulation but as a single coin UNC set by the Hyderabad mint. Now the Mumbai mint has also released such a single coin set.

10 rupee, Homi Bhabha
India 10 rupee homi bhabha bimetalHomi Jehangir Bhabha was an Indian nuclear physicist who played a major role in the development of the Indian atomic energy program and is considered to be the father of India's nuclear program. Bhabha was born into a prominent family, through which he was related to Dinshaw Maneckji Petit, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Homi K Bhabha and Dorab Tata. After receiving his early education at Bombay schools and at the Royal Institute of Science, he attended Caius College of Cambridge University to pursue studies in mechanical engineering. After taking mechanical engineering, he pursued studies under Paul Dirac to complete the Mathematics Tripos. Meanwhile, he worked at the Cavendish Laboratory while working towards his doctorate in theoretical physics under R. H. Fowler. During this time, he embarked on groundbreaking research into the absorption of cosmic rays and electron shower production. Afterward, he published a string of widely-accepted papers on his theories regarding cosmic ray showers.

World War II broke out in September 1939 while Bhabha was vacationing in India. He chose to remain in India until the war ended. In the meantime, he accepted a position at the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore, headed by Nobel laureate C. V. Raman. He established the Cosmic Ray Research Unit at the institute, and began to work on the theory of the movement of point particles. In 1945, he established the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in Bombay, and the Atomic Energy Commission of India three years later. In the 1950s, Bhabha represented India in International Atomic Energy Forums, and served as President of the United Nations Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy in Geneva, Switzerland in 1955. He was awarded Padma Bhushan by Government of India in 1954. He later served as the member of the Indian Cabinet's Scientific Advisory Committee and set up the Indian National Committee for Space Research with Vikram Sarabhai. In January 1966, Bhabha died in a plane crash near Mont Blanc, while heading to Vienna, Austria to attend a meeting of the International Atomic Energy Agency's Scientific Advisory Committee.Conspiracy theories point to sabotage by the cIA in an attempt to impede India's nuclear program, but his death remains a mystery till date.

He has been awarded the Salomon studentship and the travelling studentship in Mathematics inn 1931-32, the senior studentship in Cambridge in 1951, Padma Bhushan in 1954.He is also known as the 'father of India's atomic energy program.' After his death, the atomic energy establishment was renamed Bhabha Atomic Research Centre(BARC) in his honour.

This 10 rupee coin is the first ever bimetallic coin to be released for circulation in India.


  1. Very well presented facts, good work :)

  2. is this coin very rare??

  3. good man good what a collection do you give me homi j bhabha coin

  4. gur ta gaddi wale coing kinne sets issue kitte gye si ?

  5. Can I get these two I don't have them in my collection please reply...

  6. Homi bhabha 10 rupees coins seal.watsap mi 9403904456